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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1812/410

Title: Code Switching In Interviews
Authors: Ong, Usha Agnetha
Keywords: Code switching
Interviews
Bilingual community
Issue Date: Jun-2008
Publisher: Faculty of Languages and Linguistics
Abstract: In Malaysia, using two or more languages within a speech or what linguists call code switching, is fairly common especially between two of the most used languages in the country which is the national language (Malay) and the international language (English). The goal of this study is to examine the code switching functions in the bilingual (Malay and English) speech of journalists and their interviewees in an interview setting. Each of the three journalists interviewed three interviewees and their speeches were recorded. This study presents data on the code switching occurrences where it is categorized and quantified according to the frequency and functions it serves in the interview context. In addition, the data also describes the relation to the speakers’ competence and preferenceand found that code switching occurred both between and across turns. The interviewees’ switches were more frequent and were deployed for a wider variety of functions than the journalists. The results yield 11 functions with 3 new ones not mentioned by other previous code switching studies, emerging from this data. In addition to that, the results also dispute the negative opinion that states code switching by interlocutors who alternate between two languages, is due to the lack of proficiency and instead affirms the view that it is used as a strategy to extend their communicative competence during an interaction. Finally this study discusses the role and place of code switching in a modern bilingual community such as Malaysia and offers information that could be useful in future research.
Di Malaysia, mengunakan dua atau lebih bahasa di dalam pertuturan atau lebih dikenali sebagai penukaran kod, adalah perkara yang biasa terutamanya di antara dua daripada bahasa yang kerap digunakan di Malaysia iaitu Bahasa Malaysia dan Bahasa Inggeris. Tujuan kajian in dijalankan adalah untuk mengkaji fungsi penukaran kod didalam pertuturan dwibahasa di antara wartawan dan subjek yang ditemuramah didalam sesebuah temuramah. Setiap daripada tiga orang wartawan didalam kajian ini telah menemuramah tiga orang subjek masing-masing dan pertuturan mereka telah dirakamkan. Kajian ini melampirkan maklumat tentang kejadian penukaran kod di mana ia diklasifikasikan dan dikira mengikut kekerapan dan fungsi penukaran kod didalam konteks sebuah temuramah. Selain daripada itu, data juga membincangkan hubungan diantara kebolehan dan kecenderungan penutur dan mendapati bahawa penukaran kod berlaku di antara dan menyeberangi giliran bercakap. Keputusan kajian ini mendapati subjek yang ditemuramah merekodkan penukaran kod yang lebih tinggi berbanding dengan wartawan dan digunakan untuk lebih banyak fungsi. 11 fungsi telah dikenalpasti didalam kajian ini dan 3 daripada fungsi ini adalah fungsi baru, yang tidak pernah dikenalpasti didalam sebarang kajian penukaran kod sebelum ini. Tambahan pula, keputusan kajian ini juga mengetepikan tanggapan buruk fenomena penukaran kod yang mengatakan bahawa code switching biasanya digunakan oleh orang yang kurang fasih didalam sesuatu bahasa tetapi sebaliknya mengesahkan bahawa ia digunakan sebagai strategi berkomunikasi secara lebih efektif. Akhir kata, kajian ini membincangkan peranan dan tempat penukaran kod didalam masyarakat dwibahasa moden seperti Malaysia and memberikan maklumat berguna untuk kajian lain pada masa hadapan.
Description: Dissertation Submitted In Fulfillment Of The Degree Of Masters In Linguistics
URI: http://dspace.fsktm.um.edu.my/handle/1812/410
Appears in Collections:Masters Dissertations : Linguistics

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