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|Title: ||Factorial studies on the morphology, growth and lactic acid production kinetics of a locally isolated filamentous fungus in submerged cultures|
|Authors: ||Sulang Agas, Vilas|
|Keywords: ||Lactic acid|
|Issue Date: ||2009 |
|Publisher: ||University Malaya|
|Abstract: ||15 different isolates of filamentous fungi were isolated from various sources. The 15
isolates were screened for their capacity for saccharifying starch and producing lactic
acid. From the screening process, a strain TPH was selected for further studies. A resolution III fractional factorial experiment (conducted with shake flasks) was designed to create a series of linear models to evaluate the performance of morphology (based on flament ratio), specific substrate uptake rate, maximum specific growth rate and lactic acid yield. The five factors and their respective levels are: Inoculation size (1000 vs. 5000 spores/ml), degree of saccharified starch (0 vs. 100%),temperature (30 vs. 35oC), C/N ratio (1 vs. 4) and initial amount of carbon (0.185 vs. 0.555 M).
Experiments showed that maximum specific growth rate, filament ratio and specific
substrate uptake rate were well represented by their respective linear models but not
filament ratio and yield values. The model describing yield had to be transformed in
order to show better model fit. After transforming procedures, the R2 value of the model increased from 71.94% to 80.93 %. There were also vast improvements in the residual values of the model.
Another experiment in a bench bioreactor was conducted to evaluate whether the constructed models were still usable when scale was increased. However experiments
showed that the models performed poorly at that scale. This was likely due to the
differences in mixing and aeration dynamics between shake-flasks and the bioreactor.
Therefore the use of shake-flask experiments may not be ideal in evaluating TPH performance.|
|Description: ||Dissertation -- Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 2009.|
|Appears in Collections:||Masters Dissertations : Science|