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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1812/562

Title: The effect of the regionalization of the national innovation support system on regional knowledge base building process: Malaysian case studies
Authors: Abdul Fatah Amir
Keywords: Regionalization
Regional knowledge
Building process
national innovation support system
Issue Date: Aug-2008
Publisher: University Malaya
Abstract: The applicability of the national innovation support system (NISS) in terms of supporting regional knowledge base building is questioned in this thesis by grounding the analysis on two Malaysia’s regions: Sabah (a less-developed region) and Penang (a more-developed region). The aims of this study are two-fold; first to explore the appropriateness of the NISS to the needs of the selected regions’ knowledge bases. Second, to explore the factors affecting the regional knowledge base building effort. The study therefore aims to seek answers to this question: Why and how does the regionalised national innovation support system (RNISS) impact regional industrial knowledge base building process? From the literature review a conceptual framework was proposed and three research issues were then developed to guide the research: Research Issue 1: How does support, in terms of functions and resources for innovation of the RNISS, impact on building the regional industrial knowledge base? Research Issue 2: How does RNISS synergy, in terms of its intra- and interrelationships and their coordination, impact on building the regional industrial knowledge base? Research Issue 3: What are the factors that impact the orientation of support and synergy of the RNISS at the regional level? A case-study approach was used to explore these issues. Data gathering was carried out by using mixed methods, such as in-depth interviews with various relevant actors at regional and national level, further supported by assessment of material gathered from various relevant national and regional actors. Guided by the literature and indicators developed for this research, the cases were then analysed by using within-case analysis and cross-case analysis approaches. The results show major difference between the two regions under study – Sabah has a weak support system in contrast to a strong support system in Penang. This is primarily due to differences in these regions’ institutional capacities in governing their innovation support system. This research suggests that a dirigiste (nation-centred) model of innovation support system can be effective for knowledge base building at a regional level, provided that the regional government has a strong institutional capacity in driving and coordinating the policies of all the main innovation actors in the region. Additionally, this research emphasises that the national innovation support system at the regional level must focus its orientation towards addressing the actual needs of the region in order for its role to be effective. There are two potential implications of this study; first, is the theoretical implications of the impact of regional institutional capacities for the nature and dynamics of such regions’ innovation support systems. Secondly is the policy implication in at least two areas: (1) informing policy makers about the issue of cooperation and relationships among actors that may indicate wider weaknesses in the implementation of NISS, and, (2) raising the issue of integration of different government levels in implementing the innovation support system at regional level.
Description: Thesis (PhD) -- Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 2008.
URI: http://dspace.fsktm.um.edu.my/handle/1812/562
Appears in Collections:PhD Theses : Science

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